The Constitutional Court of Korea was established in September 1988 in response to the citizen’s strong longing for “assurance of fundamental rights, control for power, and social integration.” The Court is led by a bench of nine Justices; three Justices are appointed by the President of Korea, three are appointed by the elected members of the Legislature(National Assembly), and three are designated by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
|1||Collecting and computerizing fingerprints and using them for investigation purposes|
|2||NEIS case on retention of graduates’ personal data|
Internet real name system case
|4||Change of resident registration number case|
|5||Internet posting takedown system case|
|6||Compulsory registration of sex criminal’s personal data|
The Supreme Court of Korea is the highest judicial tribunal in Korea. The Supreme Court is comprised of the Chief Justice and 13 Justices who are appointed by the President, serving as the final and highest tribunal regarding civil, criminal, family, administrative and military cases. The court’s opinions are acknowledged to be the most authoritative precedents providing standards for the interpretation of laws, while contributing to the development of legal theories and practices.
Governing access to personal data and ISP’s response
|2||“L” telecom company data leakage case|
“A” company case
|4||Lawmaker’s disclosure of teachers’ trade union members case|
|5||Claim-collecting employee case|
|6||Public figure surveillance case|
|7||Publicized information about a public figure case|
|8||Political party member list case|
Lower Courts are composed of District Court and High Court. The District Court, which included a specialized Family Court, is the court of original jurisdiction. High Court is the court where an appeal from a District Court case is heard. District Courts and High Courts are divided into geographic districts.
|1||SmartpHOME IMEI serial number case|
|2||Policeman’s disclosure of 4-digit tel. number case|
|3||Google’s forced disclosure of users’ data case|
|4||Entrusted person’s data leakage case|
|5||Difference of consents case|